Plasminogen deficiency is an ultra-rare multisystem disorder characterized by the development of fibrin-rich pseudomembranes on mucous membranes. Ligneous conjunctivitis, which can result in vision impairment or loss, is the most frequent symptom reported. Affected systems may also include the respiratory tract, oropharynx, female reproductive tract, gingiva, middle ear, renal collecting system, skin and central nervous system. Untreated, plasminogen deficiency may result in significant reduction in quality of life and morbidity with potential life-threatening complications. Non-specific therapies are inadequate and plasminogen concentrates are not commercially available. The current understanding of plasminogen deficiency and management of disease symptoms and its progression are based on case reports/series and two small clinical trials. To date there has never been a comprehensive, international study to examine the natural history or optimal therapeutic intervention; knowledge gaps include identification of contributing factors and triggers of disease manifestations, inability to predict disease course, and insufficient real-world data for use of therapeutics. We have created an international, observational study (HISTORY) in a large cohort of persons with plasminogen deficiency and first-degree family members to address these gaps and to advance knowledge and care. HISTORY will build upon the established relationship between the Indiana Hemophilia and Thrombosis Center and the Fondazione Angelo Bianchi Bonomi, IRCCS Ca’ Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico - University of Milan and will utilize a modified version of the Prospective Rare Bleeding Disorders Database (PRO-RBDD). A biorepository containing samples from subjects with plasminogen deficiency will be established. This article describes the rationale behind the study and efforts towards its goals.
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