An update on hypertensive emergencies and urgencies

Maria Lorenza Muiesan, Massimo Salvetti, Valentina Amadoro, Salvatore Di Somma, Stefano Perlini, Andrea Semplicini, Claudio Borghi, Massimo Volpe, Pier Sergio Saba, Matteo Cameli, Marco Matteo Ciccone, Maria Maiello, Pietro Amedeo Modesti, Salvatore Novo, Pasquale Palmiero, Pietro Scicchitano, Enrico Agabiti Rosei, Roberto Pedrinelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Severe acute arterial hypertension is usually defined as 'hypertensive crisis', although 'hypertensive emergencies' or 'hypertensive urgencies', as suggested by the Joint National Committee and the European Society of Hypertension, have completely different diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. The prevalence and demographics of hypertensive emergencies and urgencies have changed over the last four decades, but hypertensive emergencies and urgencies are still associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Different scientific societies have repeatedly produced up-to-date guidelines; however, the treatment of hypertensive emergencies and urgencies is still inappropriate, with potential clinical implications. This review focuses on hypertensive emergencies and urgencies management and treatment, as suggested by recent data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)372-382
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 7 2015


  • acute coronary syndrome
  • acute pulmonary oedema
  • hypertension
  • hypertensive emergencies
  • hypertensive urgencies
  • stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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