Analysis of aneuploidy rate in antral and ovulated mouse oocytes during female aging

Maurizio Zuccotti, Michele Boiani, Silvia Garagna, Carlo Alberto Redi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Two forms of oocytes termed SN (surrounded nucleolus) and NSN (nonsurrounded nucleolus) differing for the spatial distribution of nuclear and nucleolar-associated chromatin have been described within the antral compartment of the ovary of a number of mammals. The biological significance of these two kind of oocytes is as yet not completely clear. In previous studies we have shown that prior to ovulation, mouse SN oocytes isolated from the antral compartment, matured and fertilized in vitro have a far better meiotic and developmental competence than NSN oocytes. Immediately after ovulation SN and NSN oocytes remaining in the antral compartment do not develop beyond the 2-cell stage. To further examine the correlation between chromatin distribution and meiotic competence of mouse antral oocytes, in the present study we have analyzed chromosome segregation at the first meiotic division in antral (SN and NSN) and in ovulated oocytes. SN and NSN oocytes were isolated before (48 h post PMSG injection) or after (15 h post-hCG injection) ovulation from ovaries of females of increasing age, they were cultured in vitro to metaphase II, and their aneuploidy rate was examined. Comparison of data obtained before and after ovulation highlights two main points: 1. Following ovulation a statistically significant increase of aneuploidy is observed in antral oocytes in most age groups and it is attributable to SN oocytes. 2. The aneuploidy rate of ovulated oocytes does not increase during female aging. We have found a correlation between chromatin distribution, hormonal status, and the incidence of aneuploidy during the oocyte first meiotic division.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-312
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular Reproduction and Development
Volume50
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1998

Keywords

  • Aneuploidy
  • Chromatin distribution
  • Meiosis
  • Metaphase II
  • Nucleolus
  • Oocyte

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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