Analysis of BRCA1 and RAD51C promoter methylation in italian families at high-risk of breast and ovarian cancer

Silvia Tabano, Jacopo Azzollini, Chiara Pesenti, Sara Lovati, Jole Costanza, Laura Fontana, Bernard Peissel, Monica Miozzo, Siranoush Manoukian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Previous studies on breast and ovarian carcinoma (BC and OC) revealed constitutional BRCA1 and RAD51C promoter hypermethylation as epigenetic alterations leading to tumor predisposition. Nevertheless, the impact of epimutations at these genes is still debated. One hundred and eight women affected by BC, OC, or both and considered at very high risk of carrying BRCA1 germline mutations were studied. All samples were negative for pathogenic variants or variants of uncertain significance at BRCA testing. Quantitative BRCA1 and RAD51C promoter methylation analyses were performed by Epityper mass spectrometry on peripheral blood samples and results were compared with those in controls. All the 108 analyzed cases showed methylation levels at the BRCA1/RAD51C promoter comparable with controls. Mean methylation levels (± stdev) at the BRCA1 promoter were 4.3% (± 1.4%) and 4.4% (± 1.4%) in controls and patients, respectively (p > 0.05; t-test); mean methylation levels (± stdev) at the RAD51C promoter were 4.3% (± 0.9%) and 3.7% (± 0.9%) in controls and patients, respectively (p > 0.05; t-test). Based on these observations; the analysis of constitutional methylation at promoters of these genes does not seem to substantially improve the definition of cancer risks in patients. These data support the idea that epimutations represent a very rare event in high-risk BC/OC populations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number910
JournalCancers
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020

Keywords

  • BRCA1
  • Breast carcinoma
  • Germline epigenetic defects
  • Ovarian carcinoma
  • Promoter methylation
  • RAD51C

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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