In view of the growing role of catheter ablation techniques for the treatment of supraventricular tachycardia, noninvasive determination of tachycardia mechanism and preliminary localization of the accessory pathway (AP) can simplify the cardiac catheterization procedure and reduce fluoroscopic exposure. The purpose of this study was to analyze the diagnostic value of repolarization changes during narrow QRS complex tachycardia (<0.11 s). In 159 12-lead electrocardiograms during narrow QRS complex tachycardia (13 atrial tachycardias, 57 atrioventricular (AV) node reentrant tachycardias and 89 AV reciprocating tachycardias), the following were evaluated: 1) the tachycardia cycle length; 2) the presence of QRS alternans > or = 1 mm in at least 6 leads; 3) the presence of ST segment depression > or = 2 mm and/or T wave changes (inversion, notching); 4) the duration of retrograde atrial activation during tachycardia (right atrium-coronary sinus interval, in ms); the latter parameter, as well as tachycardia mechanism and accessory pathway location, were determined during an electrophysiologic study. There were no significant differences in mean cycle length among the groups. ST segment depression > or = 2 mm and/or T wave changes were present more often in AV reciprocating tachycardias (51/89) than in the other groups (AV node reentrant tachycardias: 14/57; atrial tachycardias: 1/13; p <0.001), independently from the cycle length. Distinct patterns of repolarization changes during tachycardia were associated with different location of accessory pathway: ST segment depression from V3 to V6 in left lateral AP; T wave inversion in inferior leads in posterior-posteroseptal AP; T wave changes in V2 in all cases of anteroseptal AP location. The magnitude of ST segment depression, significantly more marked in the AV reciprocating tachycardias (1.3 +/- 1.6 mm) than in AV node reentrant tachycardias (0.7 +/- 0.8 mm, p <0.005), was directly related to the duration of atrial activation time during tachycardia (80 +/- 20 ms, and 32 +/- 12 ms, p <0.001, respectively). The finding of ST segment depression and/or T wave changes during narrow QRS tachycardia suggest the presence of an AV reciprocating tachycardia; this phenomenon may be related to a different pattern of retrograde atrial activation. In conclusion, analysis of repolarization changes during narrow QRS tachycardia constitutes an additional electrocardiographic criterion to differentiate the tachycardia mechanism and, furthermore, can guide preliminary location of the AP, even in the absence of ventricular preexcitation.
|Translated title of the contribution||Analysis of changes in repolarization for the differential diagnosis of narrow QRS supraventricular tachycardia and the site of the accessory pathway|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine