OBJECTIVE: We previously identified a pathogenic germline DICER1 variant in a child with transposition of the great arteries who was a member of a family with DICER1 syndrome. In view of a report linking Dicer1 knockout in murine cardiomyocytes to cardiac outflow defects, we investigated the involvement of DICER1 in transposition of the great arteries.
DESIGN: We used Fluidigm access array followed by next generation sequencing to screen for variants in the coding exons, their exon/intron boundaries and the 3' untranslated region of DICER1 in patient DNA.
CASES: Germline DNA was collected from 129 patients with either sporadic or familial forms of transposition of the great arteries from two sites in Australia and Italy.
RESULTS: Most cases (85%) did not have any germline DICER1 variants. In the remaining 15% of cases, we identified 16 previously reported variants (5 synonymous, 6 intronic, and 5 missense) and 2 novel variants (1 intronic and 1 missense). None of the identified variants were predicted to be pathogenic.
CONCLUSIONS: Here, we report that neither likely pathogenic nor pathogenic variants in DICER1 appear to play a major role in transposition of the great arteries.
- DEAD-box RNA Helicases/genetics
- DNA Mutational Analysis
- Genetic Predisposition to Disease
- New South Wales/epidemiology
- Ribonuclease III/genetics
- Transposition of Great Vessels/epidemiology