The endothelial protein C receptor (EPCR) has a critical role in the regulation of anticoagulant and anti-inflammatory functions of activated protein C (APC). Abnormalities in EPCR might be associated with an increased risk of thrombosis. In this respect, a 23 bp insertion in the exon 3 of the EPCR gene predicts a truncated protein which cannot bind APC. High levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), a strong predictor of cardiovascular events, are found both in the obese and in subjects with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). Several cardiovascular risk factors are already present in prepubertal PWS children, but it is uncertain which mechanism contributes to the increased risk of cardiovascular disease in PWS. We analyzed the distribution oF2 3 bp insertion in the EPCR gene in 81 overweight and obese PWS subjects, 52 adults and 29 children, and in 58 overweight and obese children and adolescents (controls). We found that 1/58 (1.7%) of the controls was heterozygous for the 23 bp insertion, while this mutation was never found in PWS subjects. Furthermore, we evaluated CRP levels, glucose, insulin, and lipid profile, and we found higher CRP values in PWS adults with respect to children with PWS and controls, and a better insulin sensitivity in all PWS subjects than in the controls. This study suggests that in PWS subjects there is no predisposition to develop thrombotic events in association with EPCR gene alteration and demonstrates substantial differences regarding metabolic and inflammatory profile between PWS and non-PWS obese children, with further impairment in adults with PWS.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Nutrition and Dietetics