Analysis of failures in patients with stage I ovarian cancer: An Italian multicenter study

A. Gadducci, E. Sartori, T. Maggino, P. Zola, F. Landoni, A. Fanucchi, C. Stegher, C. Alessi, F. Buttitta, T. Bergamino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The objective of this retrospective multicenter study was to assess the rates, times, sites, and risk factors for recurrences in 224 patients with surgical stage I ovarian cancer. Postoperative adjuvant treatment was given to 153 of these patients. One hundred and eighty-two (81.3%) patients are currently alive with no clinical evidence of disease after a median time of 84 months (range, 4-191 months) from surgery, whereas 39 (17.4%) developed recurrent disease after a median time of 29 months (range, 5-112 months). The relapse involved the pelvis in 21 (53.8%) cases, abdomen in 19 (48.7%), pelvic and/or para-aortic lymph nodes in 5 (12.8%), and distant sites in 5 (12.8%). The risk of recurrence was significantly related to FIGO substage (P <0.0001) and tumor grade (P <0.0001), but not to histological subtype. However, the recurrence rate was lower in mucinous carcinomas (6/52, 11.5%) and higher in clear cell carcinomas (5/14, 35.7%). By log-rank test the disease-free survival was significantly related to FIGO substage (P = 0.0006) and grade (P = 0.0001). Cox proportional hazard model showed that grade was the only independent prognostic variable for disease-free survival, with a risk ratio for relapse of 2.831 (95% CI, 1.120-6.624) for grade 2 and 7.725 (95% CI, 3.290-18.140) for grade 3, compared to grade 1. In conclusion, tumor grade is the strongest predictor of recurrence in stage I ovarian cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445-450
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Volume7
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Keywords

  • Grade
  • Histologic type
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Prognosis
  • Recurrence
  • Stage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Oncology

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    Gadducci, A., Sartori, E., Maggino, T., Zola, P., Landoni, F., Fanucchi, A., Stegher, C., Alessi, C., Buttitta, F., & Bergamino, T. (1997). Analysis of failures in patients with stage I ovarian cancer: An Italian multicenter study. International Journal of Gynecological Cancer, 7(6), 445-450.