Analysis of HFE and TFR2 mutations in selected blood donors with biochemical parameters of iron overload

Marco De Gobbi, Filomena Daraio, Christian Oberkanins, Anne Moritz, Fritz Kury, Gemino Fiorelli, Clara Camaschella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Objectives. Hereditary hemochromatosis is a recessive condition characterized by iron accumulation in several organs, followed by organ damage and failure. The disorder is prevalently due to C282Y and H63D mutations in the HFE gene, but additional HFE and TFR2 mutations have been reported. Early iron overload may be assessed by biochemical parameters such as increased transferrin saturation and serum ferritin. Design and Methods. Taking advantage of the collection of 178 DNA samples selected for increased transferrin saturation (>50% in males and >45% in females) from a previous large scale screening of Italian blood donors, we simultaneously assessed the presence of 14 hemochromatosis-associated molecular defects (11 of HFE and 3 of TFR2) by a reverse hybridization-based strip assay. Results. In the series studied the overall C282Y allele frequency was 9% and that of the H63D and S65C was 22.2% and 1.4%, respectively. One rare HFE allele (E168Q), but no TFR2 mutation was detected. When checked at a second examination, transferrin saturation was significantly higher in C282Y homozygotes, H63D/C282Y compound heterozygotes and H63D homozygotes as compared to wild-type subjects (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)396-401
Number of pages6
JournalHaematologica
Volume88
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2003

Keywords

  • Hemochromatosis
  • HFE
  • Screening
  • TFR2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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