Analysis of long term CD4+CD25highCD127- T-reg cells kinetics in peripheral blood of lung transplant recipients

Davide Piloni, Monica Morosini, Sara Magni, Alice Balderacchi, Luigia Scudeller, Emanuela Cova, Tiberio Oggionni, Giulia Stella, Carmine Tinelli, Filippo Antonacci, Andrea Maria D'Armini, Federica Meloni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The role of CD4+CD25highCD127- T-reg cells in solid-organ Transplant (Tx) acceptance has been extensively studied. In previous studies on kidney and liver recipients, peripheral T-reg cell counts were associated to graft survival, while in lung Tx, there is limited evidence for similar findings. This study aims to analyze long term peripheral kinetics of T-reg-cells in a cohort of lung recipients and tests its association to several clinical variables. Methods: From jan 2009 to dec 2014, 137 lung Tx recipients were submitted to an immunological follow up (median: 105.9 months (6.7-310.5)). Immunological follow up consisted of a complete blood peripheral immuno-phenotype, inclusive of CD4+CD25highCD127- T and FOXP3+ cells. We tested the association between T-reg and relevant variables by linear OR regression models for repeated measures, adjusting for time from Tx. Also, by ordered logistic models for panel data, the association between Chronic Lung Allograft Dysfuncton (CLAD) onset/progression and T-reg counts in the previous 3 months was tested. Results: Among all variables analyzed at multivariate analysis: Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome (OR -6.51, p < 0.001), Restrictive Allograft Syndrome (OR -5.19, p = 0.04) and Extracorporeal photopheresis (OR -5.65, p < 0.001) were significantly associated to T-reg cell. T-reg cell counts progressively decreased according to the severity of CLAD. Furthermore, patients with higher mean T-reg counts in a trimester had a significantly lower risk (OR 0.97, p = 0.012) of presenting CLAD or progressing in the graft dysfunction in the following trimester. Conclusions: Our present data confirm animal observations on the possible role of T-reg in the evolution of CLAD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102
JournalBMC Pulmonary Medicine
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 18 2017

Keywords

  • Immunology
  • Long term follow-up
  • Lung transplantation
  • T-regulatory cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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