Analysis of photoastigmatic keratectomy with the cross-cylinder ablation

Nicola Rosa, Maddalena De Bernardo, Mario R. Romano, Gianluca Scarfato, Francesco Verdoliva, Rodolfo Mastropasqua, Michele Lanza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aim: The aim was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the "cross-cylinder" technique in the correction of astigmatism. Setting and Design: A prospective interventional study from a university eye department was conducted. Material and Methods: The photoastigmatic refractive keratectomy (PARK) using the "cross-cylinder" technique was performed in 102 eyes of 84 patients with at least 0.75 D of astigmatism. The study population was divided into two groups: in the first group the preoperative astigmatic power ranged from 0.75 D to 3.00 D (group 1), in the second group it ranged from -3.25 D to -6.00 D (group 2). Group 1 included 82 eyes of 67 patients (29 males and 38 females) with a mean cylinder power of -1.90 ± 0.63 D, group 2 included 20 eyes of 17 patients (13 males and 4 females) with a mean cylinder power of -4.28 ± 0.76 D. All eyes were targeted for emmetropia. The results were evaluated using Calossi's vector analysis method. Six-month postoperative outcomes are presented. Results: Six months after PARK the mean sphere for the entire cohort was +0.28 ± 0.75 D (range +2.5 to -2 D), the mean cylindrical power was +0.33 ± 0.51 D (range +2.5 to -1.25 D) and the mean spherical equivalent refraction was +0.73 ± 0.81 D (range +1.75 to -2 D). Conclusions: The cross-cylinder technique may be safely used with predictable results for the correction of astigmatism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-287
Number of pages5
JournalIndian Journal of Ophthalmology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012


  • Cross-cylinder technique
  • photoastigmatic refractive keratectomy
  • refractive surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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