Analysis of postsurgical aortic false aneurysm in 27 patients

Pietro Giorgio Malvindi, Antioco Cappai, Giuseppe Maria Raffa, Alessandro Barbone, Alessio Basciu, Enrico Citterio, Diego Ornaghi, Giuseppe Tarelli, Fabrizio Settepani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aortic false aneurysm is a rare complication after cardiac surgery. In recent years, improved results have been reported in regard to the surgical management of these high-risk lesions.We retrospectively examined 28 consecutive cases (in 27 patients) of postsurgical aortic false aneurysm diagnosed at our institution from May 1999 through December 2011. Twenty-four patients underwent reoperation. Cardiopulmonary bypass was instituted before sternotomy in 15 patients (63%). Isolated repair of the aortic false aneurysm was performed in 15 patients. Four patients (including one who had already undergone repeat false-aneurysm repair) declined surgery in favor of clinical monitoring.Eleven patients were asymptomatic at the time of diagnosis. In the other 16, the main cause was infection in 7, and previous operation for acute aortic dissection in 9. The in-hospital mortality rate was 16.6% (4 patients, 3 of whom had infective false aneurysms). Relevant postoperative sequelae were noted in 7 patients (29%). The cumulative 1-year and 5-year survival rates were 83% and 62%, respectively. The 4 patients who did not undergo reoperation were alive at a median interval of 23 months (range, 9-37 mo). Two underwent imaging evaluations; in one, computed tomography revealed an 8-mm increase of the false aneurysm's maximal diameter at 34 months.Aortic false aneurysm can develop silently. Surgical procedures should be proposed even to asymptomatic patients because of the unpredictable evolution of the condition. Radical aortic-graft replacement should be chosen rather than simple repair, because recurrent false aneurysm is possible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-280
Number of pages7
JournalTexas Heart Institute Journal
Volume40
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Aortic aneurysm
  • Cardiac surgical procedures/adverse effects
  • Postoperative complications/etiology
  • Recurrence
  • Reoperation/utilization
  • Thoracic/diagnosis/ etiology/mortality/prevention &Control/radiography/surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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  • Cite this

    Malvindi, P. G., Cappai, A., Raffa, G. M., Barbone, A., Basciu, A., Citterio, E., Ornaghi, D., Tarelli, G., & Settepani, F. (2013). Analysis of postsurgical aortic false aneurysm in 27 patients. Texas Heart Institute Journal, 40(3), 274-280.