Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the possible correlation of single nucleotide polymorphisms in somatostatin receptor (SSTR)2 and SSTR5 genes with the responsiveness to somatostatin analogs in a cohort of acromegalic patients. Study Design: Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (a-83 g, c-57 g, and t80c) of SSTR2 and three (t-461c, c325t, and c1004t) of SSTR5 were analyzed in 66 acromegalic patients with different responsiveness to somatostatin analogs and 66 healthy controls. Results: Allele frequencies in patients and controls were similar. No association between SSTR2 genotypes and GH and IGF-I levels was found. When considering SSTR5 variants, patients homozygous or heterozygous for the substitution c1004 (P+) showed basal IGF-I levels significantly lower than patients homozygous for 1004t (P-). Moreover, serum GH levels were lower in patients with P+/T- haplotype (having c1004 allele and no t-461 allele) than in those with P+/T-. No correlation between SSTR2 and SSTR5 genotypes, responsiveness to somatostatin therapy, and mRNA expression in the removed adenomas (n = 10) was found. Conclusions: These data suggest a role for SSTR5 t-461c and c1004t alleles in influencing GH and IGF-I levels in patients with acromegaly, whereas SSTR2 and SSTR5 variants seem to have a minor role in determining the responsiveness to somatostatin analogs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism