Since conflicting results have been reported about the role of xenoantigens in the proliferation of T cells stimulated with autologous non-T cells, the effect of the exposure of cells to xenogeneic proteins during the isolation procedure and/or the culture period on autologous mixed lymphocyte reactions (AMLR) with non-T cells and phytohemagglutinin-activated T cells as stimulators was investigated. T and non-T cells were isolated by rosetting with 2-aminoethylisothiuronium bromide-treated sheep red blood cells (AET-SRBC), by nylon-wool nitration, and by positive or negative selection with anti-class II HLA antigens and anti-T-cell monoclonal antibodies. Isolation and cultures were performed in presence of fetal calf serum (FCS) or of autologous serum. In both types of AMLR, proliferation of responding cells did not require exposure to xenoantigens. However xenoantigens enhanced the proliferation of cells from some, although not all, the donors tested. There were differences in the degree of proliferation of the cells from the donors tested, but without correlation with the two types of AMLR. These results suggest that both types of AMLR reflect a self-recognition event and not a response to xenoantigens. However the potential interference of xenoantigens, as well as the individual variability, should be taken into account when interpreting the significance of abnormalities of AMLR in immunopathologic processes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology