Analytical and preparative high-performance liquid chromatography of gangliosides

G. Gazzotti, S. Sonnino, R. Ghidoni, G. Kirschner, G. Tettamanti

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Abstract

Analytical and preparative procedures are described for high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fractionation of gangliosides without previous derivatization. These procedures make use of a reversed-phase Lichrosorb RB-8 or μBondapak RP-18 column, and of a mixture of acetonitrile and 5 mM phosphate buffer, at fixed or varying volume ratios, as solvent system. Peak elution from the column is monitored by flow through reading of absorbance at 195 nm. Under all the described conditions HPLC is capable of resolving all common gangliosides and of separating each of them into four molecular species containing C18-sphingosine, C18-sphinganine, C20-sphingosine, or C20-sphinganine. The analytical method has been successfully applied to fractionation of ganglioside mixtures from calf brain and to verification of homogeneity of single-ganglioside preparations. It is suitable for quantitative purposes, with high sensitivity (detection limit, 0.1 nmole) and precision (SD less than 10% of mean values in the concentration range 0.1-50 nmoles). The semipreparative method, which provides successive cycles of analysis in a fully automated way, enables the preparation in 2-4 days of 100-mg amounts of each molecular species starting from single gangliosides, like GM1 and GD1a. The preparative method makes use of acetonitrile-phosphate buffer-tetrahydrofuran as eluting solvent, and requires the addition to the starting ganglioside of the corresponding radioactive compound as tracer. This procedure, applied to GM1 ganglioside, is devised for processing up to 50 mg of ganglioside per analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-192
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Research
Volume12
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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    Gazzotti, G., Sonnino, S., Ghidoni, R., Kirschner, G., & Tettamanti, G. (1984). Analytical and preparative high-performance liquid chromatography of gangliosides. Journal of Neuroscience Research, 12(2-3), 179-192.