Anaphylactic shock with methylprednisolone sodium succinate in a child with short bowel syndrome and cow's milk allergy

Federica Porcaro, Maria Giovanna Paglietti, Antonella Diamanti, Francesca Petreschi, Alessandra Schiavino, Valentina Negro, Valentina Pecora, Alessandro Fiocchi, Renato Cutrera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Medications with methyl-prednisolone sodium succinate containing lactose, which potentially contains traces of cow's milk proteins (CMP), could cause allergic reactions or compromise treatment of acute allergic reactions in sensitized patients. Case presentation: We describe the unusual case of a one-year-old child affected by short bowel syndrome and history of severe cow's milk allergy (CMA) and anaphylactic reaction due to intravenous administration of methyl-prednisolone sodium succinate (Solu-Medrol 40 mg, Pfizer). He was admitted to our hospital for severe respiratory failure and was initially treated with methyl-prednisolone (Urbason 40 mg, Sanofi Aventis), then with methyl-prednisolone sodium succinate (Solu-Medrol 40 mg, Pfizer). After the intravenous administration of second steroid, immediate anaphylaxis was recorded and treatment was stopped. Antihistamine and epinephrine were required and symptom resolution occurred. Conclusion: Children who are highly sensitive to milk may have severe allergic reactions also after exposure to CMP through a different administration route than the oral one. Patients who have food allergies need to pay particular attention to the prescription of drugs and their formulation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104
JournalItalian Journal of Pediatrics
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 17 2017

Keywords

  • Anaphylaxis
  • Children
  • Cow's milk allergy
  • Methyl-prednisolone sodium succinate
  • Short bowel syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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