The aim of this study was to compare the morpho-functional modifications of the right cardiac sections of the athlete's heart, with those of sedentary healthy control subjects. We studied 24 endurance athletes (mean age 28.17 +/- 7.28 years), 21 power athletes (mean age 25.86 +/- 4.96 years), and 20 sedentary healthy control subjects (mean age 33.22 +/- 6.67 years). We examined the right cavities by standard echocardiographic projections and the following parameters were evaluated: right ventricular longitudinal diameter; under tricuspid valve and medium ventricular transversal diameter immediately under the tricuspid plane and at medium ventricular level; right atrial transversal and longitudinal diameters. All parameters were corrected for body surface area. Our data showed that the right ventricle presents morphological adaptations to endurance exercise; modification is represented mainly by an increase in the mean transversal ventricular diameter with a consequent reduction in the transversal/longitudinal diameter ratio accompanied by modification of the ventricular geometry. In addition the data showed an increase in longitudinal and transversal diameters of the right atrium. On the contrary, the power athletes did not show statistical modification of the right ventricle and atrium. The different modifications of the right heart side diameter are probably due to the different hemodynamic loading, which is involved in the endurance and power training respectively.
|Translated title of the contribution||Anatomico-functional changes in the right ventricle of the athlete|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine