ANCA-associated vasculitis in childhood: Recent advances

Marta Calatroni, Elena Oliva, Davide Gianfreda, Gina Gregorini, Marco Allinovi, Giuseppe A. Ramirez, Enrica P. Bozzolo, Sara Monti, Claudia Bracaglia, Giulia Marucci, Monica Bodria, Renato A. Sinico, Federico Pieruzzi, Gabriella Moroni, Serena Pastore, Giacomo Emmi, Pasquale Esposito, Mariagrazia Catanoso, Giancarlo Barbano, Alice BonanniAugusto Vaglio

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitides are rare systemic diseases that usually occur in adulthood. They comprise granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA, Wegener's), microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) and eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA, Churg-Strauss syndrome). Their clinical presentation is often heterogeneous, with frequent involvement of the respiratory tract, the kidney, the skin and the joints. ANCA-associated vasculitis is rare in childhood but North-American and European cohort studies performed during the last decade have clarified their phenotype, patterns of renal involvement and their prognostic implications, and outcome. Herein, we review the main clinical and therapeutic aspects of childhood-onset ANCA-associated vasculitis, and provide preliminary data on demographic characteristics and organ manifestations of an Italian multicentre cohort.

Original languageEnglish
Article number46
JournalItalian Journal of Pediatrics
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 5 2017

Keywords

  • ANCA
  • Autoimmunity
  • Childhood
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Renal failure
  • Vasculitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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  • Cite this

    Calatroni, M., Oliva, E., Gianfreda, D., Gregorini, G., Allinovi, M., Ramirez, G. A., Bozzolo, E. P., Monti, S., Bracaglia, C., Marucci, G., Bodria, M., Sinico, R. A., Pieruzzi, F., Moroni, G., Pastore, S., Emmi, G., Esposito, P., Catanoso, M., Barbano, G., ... Vaglio, A. (2017). ANCA-associated vasculitis in childhood: Recent advances. Italian Journal of Pediatrics, 43(1), [46]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13052-017-0364-x