Anchorage dependence defines the cellular requirement for integrin- mediated adhesion to substrate to initiate DNA replication in response to growth factors. In this study we investigated whether normal T cells, which spend extended periods in a nonadherent state, show similar requirements for cell cycle progression in response to TCR stimulation. Resting primary T lymphocytes were induced to enter the cell cycle by TCR triggering, and leukocyte integrins were either engaged using purified ICAM-1 or inhibited with function-blocking mAbs. Our data indicate that leukocyte integrins complement TCR-driven mitogenic signals not as a result of their direct clustering but, rather, via integrin-dependent organization of the actin cytoskeleton. Leukocyte integrin-dependent reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton cooperates with the TCR to effect mitogen-activated protein kinase activation, but also represents a required late (4-8 h poststimulation) component in the mitogenic response of normal T cells. Prolonged leukocyte integrin-dependent spreading, in the context of intercellular contact, is a requisite for the production of the mitogenic cytokine IL-2, which, in turn, is involved in the induction of D3 cyclin and is primarily responsible for the decrease in the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27(kip), resulting in retinoblastoma protein inactivation and S phase entry. Thus, T lymphocytes represent a peculiar case of anchorage dependence, in which signals conveyed by integrins act sequentially with the activating stimulus to effect a sustained production of the essential mitogenic cytokine.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - May 1 1999|
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