Anesthesia with sevoflurane in bariatric surgery

Renata Martinotti, Carlo Vassallo, F. Ramaioli, D. De Amici, M. E. Della Marta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Sevoflurane is a good halogen agent for bariatric surgery anesthesia because of its physical and chemical characteristics and its repartition coefficient (blood/gas = 0.65). Method: From November 1997 to April 1998, 98 bariatric surgery procedures with sevoflurane anesthesia were done: 17 lipectomies, 71 vertical gastroplasties, and 10 biliopancreatic diversions in 71 women and 27 men, average age 30.3 ± 8.3 years, with body mass index 43.9 ± 5.7. The average operating time was 50 ± 15 minutes for vertical gastroplasty, 160 ± 20 minutes for biliopancreatic diversion, and 80 ± 12 minutes for lipectomy. The technique of anesthesia was as follows: preanesthesia with atropine sulfate 0.01 mg/kg (dosage refers to ideal weight), ranitidine 50 mg, fentanyl 0.1 mg, ketorolac 60 mg; induction with propofol 0.5-1 mg/kg, succinylcholine 1 mg/kg; orotracheal intubation; maintenance with O2-N2O 50%, sevoflurane 1% to 1.5%, actracurium 0.5 mg/kg (dosage refers to ideal weight); awakening and decurarization with atropine sulfate 1 mg and prostigmine 2 mg. Results: This method permitted correct control of the anesthesia, a quick awakening with a low incidence of nausea and vomiting, a prompt regain of physical and psychological functioning, an early discharge from the hospital, and a larger turnover of patients with lower costs. Conclusion: Sevoflurane balanced anesthesia seems to be the best anesthesiologic method for bariatric surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-182
Number of pages3
JournalObesity Surgery
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Keywords

  • Anesthesia
  • Morbid obesity
  • Sevoflurane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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