Three patients complained of spontaneous and exertional chest pain, both associated with S-T segment depression in anterior electrocardiographic leads. In each, coronary spasm was demonstrated on coronary arteriography during a spontaneous attack of pain. Coronary arteriograms taken during exercise-induced angina did not show evidence of spastic obstruction; this suggests that exercise-induced chest pain and S-T segment depression were secondary to the increase in oxygen requirements rather than to a sudden decrease in coronary blood flow. Thus, two pathogenetic mechanisms coexisting in the same patient may cause chest pain associated with subendocardial ischemia.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine