Angiotensin converting enzyme DD genotype affects the changes of plasma plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 activity after primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty in acute myocardial infarction patients

D. Prisco, C. Fatini, B. Battaglini, F. Gensini, S. Fedi, M. Falai, M. Chioccioli, A. M. Gori, M. Margheri, G. F. Gensini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) DD genotype, and plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) 4G/4G genotype have been reported to affect PAI-1 activity in control subjects and atherosclerotic patients, but no data are available on the influence of angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) A1166C polymorphism on the inhibitor levels. The degree of fibrinolytic activation after percutaneous transluminal coronary, angioplasty (PTCA) has been found to affect the risk of restenosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible influence of ACE I/D, AT1R A1166C, and PAI-1 4G/5G polymorphisms on the changes of PAI-1 activity after primary successful percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. In 29 consecutive acute myocardial infarction patients, undergoing primary successful angioplasty, genotyping of ACE I/D, ATIR A1166C, and PAI-1 4G/5G polymorphisms was performed by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis, and PAI-1 plasma activity (chromogenic method) was assessed before and after angioplasty. Following angioplasty, PAI-1 activity increased in 10 of 29 patients and decreased or remained unchanged in 19 of 29. ACE DD genotype was significantly (P=0.04) associated with an increase of PAI-1 activity post angioplasty (OR DD/ID+II = 6.5, CI 95% 4.83-8.22). Whereas no effect of PAI-1 4G/5G and AT1R A1166C polymorphisms on PAI-1 response to angioplasty was demonstrated, these data suggest that renin-angiotensin system genes are involved in the regulation of the fibrinolytic response to balloon injury, possibly affecting angiotensin converting enzyme activity. This interaction between the renin-angiotensin system and hemostasis may be a mechanism by which ACE DD genotype affects the risk of restenosis after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-185
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Research
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Angiotensin converting enzyme
  • Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty
  • Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry

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