Angiotensin II (Ang II) and atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) appear to act as functional antagonists in the regulation of fluid and electrolyte homeostasis and blood pressure. To further define the relations between these hormones in vivo, we investigated the effect of low doses of Ang II (1-10 ng/kg/min) on plasma ANF levels. We also evaluated the influence of ANF release on the renal and hormonal responses to Ang II. Studies were performed in anesthetized and conscious instrumented dogs during sustained saline load and converting enzyme inhibition. In the anesthetized dogs, Ang II significantly increased plasma ANF levels and ANF arteriovenous difference without changing either atrial pressures or hematocrit. In both conscious and anesthetized dogs, ANF increases were not correlated with blood pressure responses to Ang II and did not occur in control groups when Ang II was replaced by vehicle. Ang II-induced sodium retention and stimulation of aldosterone production were attenuated, and renin suppression was enhanced in dogs having the largest changes in plasma ANF in response to converting enzyme inhibition or Ang II. These results demonstrate that in volume-replete dogs Ang II can promote ANF release independently of changes in atrial pressures or systemic hemodynamics, suggesting that Ang II may exert a significantly modulatory effect on ANF secretion. The results also show significant relations between ANF and renal and adrenal responses to Ang II, which may suggest that, in turn, endogenous ANF modulates the effects of Ang II.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 1990|
- body fluid homeostasis
- renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine