The study evaluated the effect of Losartan in preventing nitrate tolerance during continuous transdermal nitroglycerin (TD-GTN) therapy in patients with coronary disease. Fifteen subjects with chronic stable ischemia evaluated by exercise test, were randomized to 28 days of TD-GTN 20 mg once a day without free interval plus Losartan 100 mg or Losartan-placebo with a double blind crossover design. Myocardial ischemic parameters during stress test were evaluated after each test period and results of Losartan therapy were compared to those with placebo. Time to onset 1 mm ST-depression was significantly higher after acute TD-GTN 20 mg with respect to placebo run-in, sustained TD-GTN 20 mg plus Losartan 100 mg or Losartan-placebo (p <0.001). ST-depression at peak exercise and time to recovery of ST segment were markedly lower after acute TD-GTN 20 mg compared to placebo run-in (p <0.05), sustained TD-GTN 20 mg plus Losartan 100 mg (p <0.001) or Losartan-placebo (p <0.05). At 1 mm-ST depression and at peak exercise, systolic blood pressure and rate-pressure product significantly decreased after sustained TD-GTN 20 mg plus Losartan 100 mg (p <0.001, p <0.05 respectively) with respect to placebo run-in, acute and sustained TD-GTN 20 mg plus Losartan-placebo. Moreover at peak exercise, these data were also observed after acute TD-GTN 20 mg compared to placebo run-in and sustained TD-GTN 20 mg plus Losartan-placebo (p <0.001). The AT1 antagonist Losartan administration does not prevent the development of nitrate tolerance during continuous TD-GTN therapy.
- AT antagonist
- Nitrate tolerance
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine