Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are common, especially in young subjects and athletes. Their well-known natural history is marked by gradual deterioration of all the components of the joint. Surgical reconstruction is the prime indication, and numerous techniques have been widely applied and perfected by knee surgeons over the course of time. A patellar tendon graft is preferred by many operators. Its fixation in the tunnels, however, is still a controversial issue. Transverse fixation with biopins undertaken with a high- precision instrumentarium is a biologically and biomechanically sound solution.
- Anterior cruciate ligament
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