Anterior mesencephalic cap dysplasia: Novel brain stem malformative features associated with joubert syndrome

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In Joubert syndrome, the "molar tooth" sign can be associated with several additional supra-And infratentorial malformations. Here we report on 3 subjects (2 siblings, 8-14 years of age) with Joubert syndrome, showing an abnormal thick bulging of the anterior profile of the mesencephalon causing a complete obliteration of the interpeduncular fossa. DTI revealed that the abnormal tissue consisted of an ectopic white matter tract with a laterolateral transverse orientation. Tractographic reconstructions support the hypothesis of impaired axonal guidance mechanisms responsible for the malformation. The 2 siblings were compound heterozygous for 2 missense variants in the TMEM67 gene, while no mutations in a panel of 120 ciliary genes were detected in the third patient. The name "anterior mesencephalic cap dysplasia," referring to the peculiar aspect of the mesencephalon on sagittal MR imaging, is proposed for this new malformative feature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2385-2390
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volume38
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

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