Anthracyclines and regional myocardial damage in breast cancer patients. A multicentre study from the Working Group on Drug Cardiotoxicity and Cardioprotection, Italian Society of Cardiology (SIC)

Concetta Zito, Roberta Manganaro, Maurizio Cusmà Piccione, Rosalinda Madonna, Ines Monte, Giuseppina Novo, Valentina Mercurio, Luca Longobardo, Christian Cadeddu Dessalvi, Martino Deidda, Pasquale Pagliaro, Paolo Spallarossa, Rossella Costantino, Mariacarmela Santarpia, Giuseppe Altavilla, Scipione Carerj, Carlo Gabriele Tocchetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

AIMS: In breast cancer (BC) patients treated with anthracyclines-based therapies, we aim at assessing whether adjuvant drugs impact cardiac function differently and whether their cardiotoxicity has a regional pattern. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a multicentre study, 146 BC patients (56 ± 11 years) were prospectively enrolled and divided into three groups according to the received treatments: AC/EC-Group (doxorubicin or epirubicin + cyclophosphamide), AC/EC/Tax-Group (AC/EC + taxanes), FEC/Tax-Group (fluorouracil + EC + taxanes). Fifty-six patients of the total cohort also received trastuzumab. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and global longitudinal strain (GLS) were calculated before starting chemotherapy (T0), at 3 months (T3), at 6 (T6), and 12 months (T12). A ≥10% drop of EF, while remaining within the normal range, was reached at T6 in 25.3% of patients from the whole cohort with an early decrease only in FEC/Tax-Group (P = 0.04). A ≥15% GLS reduction was observed in many more (61.6%) patients. GLS decreased early both in the whole population (P < 0.001) and in the subgroups. The FEC-Tax Group showed the worst GLS at T6. Trastuzumab further worsened GLS at T12 (P = 0.031). A significant reduction of GLS was observed in all LV segments and was more relevant in the anterior septum and apex. CONCLUSIONS: The decrease of GLS is more precocious and pronounced in BC patients who received FEC + taxanes. Cardiac function further worsens after 6 months of adjuvant trastuzumab. All LV segments are damaged, with the anterior septum and the apex showing the greatest impairments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)406-415
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 22 2021

Keywords

  • Anthracyclines
  • Breast cancer
  • Cardiotoxicity
  • Myocardial strain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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