Anthropometric and physiologic profiles of female professional yoga practitioners and energy expenditure during asanas execution

E. Cè, M. A. Maggioni, S. Boniello, A. Veicsteinas, G. Merati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim. The present study aimed to: 1) define the anthropometric and physiological profiles of female professional yoga practitioner compared to that of other athletes; 2) evaluate the energy expenditure (EE) during a yoga session. Methods. The percentage fat mass (FM%) and fat free mass (FFM%), the maximal aerobic power (VO2max), the maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) of knee extensor muscles and the maximal anaerobic alactacid power (Wmax) were assessed in a group of yoga practitioners (Yo), long distance runners (LDR), sprinters (Spr), karate practitioners (Ka) and sedentary control subjects (Con). EE was evaluated in Yo during a yoga session (execution of a sequence of six yoga postures, called asanas). Results. FM% was significantly higher in Con (24.2±2.6%) than in other groups (18±1.9%, pooled data, P2max was higher in LDR (55.6±1.8 mL min-1 kg-1) compared to other groups (41.7±3 mL min-1 kg-1, pooled data, Pmax were higher in Yo, Spr and Ka than in LDR and Con (Pmax similar to those induced by sports requiring high degree of force and power of lower limb muscles, with maximal aerobic performance similar to control subjects; 2) low EE during most asanas execution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-57
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Volume55
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Body composition
  • Oxygen uptake
  • Yoga

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Medicine(all)

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