Anthropometric indicators of human immunodeficiency virus infection in infants with early and late symptoms in the first months of life

C. Agostoni, E. Riva, M. L. Giannì, M. Silano, M. Giovannini, G. V. Zuccotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Standardised growth indices (Z-scores of weight-for-age, WA, length- for-age, LA, weight-for-length, WL, according to the reference data of the World Health Organization) have been compared for the first 4 months of life among 119 infants born to mothers affected by the type-1 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Infants were subdivided according to their HIV serostatus and the clinical expression of the disease. Uninfected status (n = 92), late (≤6 months, n = 18) and early (≤3 months, n = 9) onset of symptoms among the HIV infected defined three groups. Infants with early symptoms showed the lowest median WA and LA Z-scores at all times and the LA difference with their uninfected counterparts was already significant at birth. Infants with late symptoms showed early differences in WL and then in WA also compared with the uninfected ones. A

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)811-813
Number of pages3
JournalEuropean Journal of Pediatrics
Volume157
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Keywords

  • HIV-infected infants
  • HIV-uninfected infants
  • Infant growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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