Anthropometric measures at different ages and endometrial cancer risk

L. D. Maso, A. Tavani, A. Zucchetto, M. Montella, M. Ferraroni, E. Negri, J. Polesel, A. Decarli, R. Talamini, C. La Vecchia, S. Franceschi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background:Endometrial cancer is strongly associated with body mass index (BMI), but the influence of BMI history and of different types of obesity is uncertain.Ethods:M A case-control study was carried out in Italy including 454 cases and 908 controls admitted to hospital for acute non-hormone-related conditions. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were computed using multivariate logistic and spline regression models.Results:The OR for BMI 30 at diagnosis compared with 20 to 25 kg m 2 was 4.08 (95% CI: 2.90-5.74). The association for BMI was monotonic with a possible steeper increase for BMI above 28. Conversely, waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) showed a bell shaped curve with increased OR (2.10; 95% CI: 1.43-3.09) in the intermediate tertile only. After stratification by BMI at diagnosis, history of weight loss and BMI at age 30 did not influence endometrial cancer risk. History of obesity in middle age had a weak and not significant adverse effect among obese women (OR1.60; 95% CI: 0.52-4.96).Conclusion:The predominant importance of recent weight compared to lifetime history, justifies encouraging weight reduction in women at any age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1207-1213
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Volume104
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 29 2011

Keywords

  • body mass index
  • case-control studies
  • endometrial cancer
  • waist-to-hip ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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