Anthropometric variables, physical activity and dietary intakes of patients with uric acid nephrolithiasis

Alberto Trinchieri, Emanuele Croppi, Giovanni Simonelli, Carmine Sciorio, Emanuele Montanari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To evaluate anthropometric variables, energy expenditure by physical activity and nutrient intake of uric acid stone formers (UA-RSFs) compared to non-forming subjects (C). The study included 33 consecutive male patients with a diagnosis of “pure” stones of anhydrous uric acid at infrared spectroscopy and 49 male control subjects with no history of urinary stones. A personal interview was conducted including questionnaires for physical activity and dietary intakes. Anthropometric parametric and blood pressure were measured. Mean age, weight, height, waist circumference, body mass index, systolic and diastolic blood pressure values, dietary energy, carbohydrate intake, lipid intake, dietary acid load, time spent for different physical activities and total energy expenditure for physical activity were not different in UA-RSFs with respect to C. Mean dietary protein (76.2 ± 19.6 vs 65.4 ± 14.7 g/day, P = 0.006) and ethanol intake (10.4 ± 8.8 vs 4.1 ± 8.6, P = 0.002) were higher in UA-RSFs than in C. History of renal disease, heart disease and treatment with thiazides or allopurinol were more frequent and mean serum glucose and triglycerides (104 ± 12 vs 97 ± 11 mg/dl, P = 0.043) (172 ± 77 vs 123 ± 52 mg/dl, P = 0.023) were higher in UA-RSFs. Metabolic syndrome was more frequent in UA-RSFs (57% vs 39%) but not significant (p = 0.09). Increased dietary animal protein (and ethanol) intake can act as co-factors for uric acid stone formation although a more complex and not fully elucidated metabolic background can have an even more crucial role in the pathogenesis of this disease even in the absence of overweight.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-129
JournalUrolithiasis
Volume48
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • Dietary intake
  • Dyslipidemia
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Physical activity
  • Uric acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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