Anti-CEA and other antibodies in the study of gastrointestinal tumors

S. Lastoria, C. Caraco, E. Vergara, L. Castelli, M. Salvatore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Localization of gastrointestinal tumors by means of labeled monoclonal antibodies is a new, sensitive and suitable technique currently used in several centers. Encouraging results have been documented with several monoclonal antibodies by different authors. This article reviews our experience with radioimmunoscintigraphy in 59 patients with colorectal cancer in follow-up, using 131I and 111In labeled B72.3, and in 16 patients with primary gastrointestinal tumors using 99mTc anti-CEA monoclonal antibody (type F023C5). The sensitivity of both B72.3 and anti-CEA was greater than 70% either for primary tumors and abdominal recurrences or distant metastases except hepatic ones. A significant gradient in antibody uptake was measured on surgical biopsies between tumors and normal tissues allowing a good in vivo contrast for gamma detection. We have defined the impact of some factors affecting in vivo tumor targeting. In fact, pharmacodynamics of MAbs, percentage of injected dose bound to tissues were measured, and in particular antigenic content in tumor nodules was quantified. Furthermore, the results of RIS were compared to those obtained by CT and other imaging modalities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)198-202
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Markers
Volume7
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology

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