Background/Aims: Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is an important therapeutic option for HBV-related end-stage-liver disease, yet it is often hampered by a scarcity of organ availability. One option to increase organ availability is the use of virologically compromised organs from HBV-infected donors. Transplantation of anti-HBcore positive grafts has been associated with a low risk of HBV recurrence if adequately treated with nucleoside analogs, irrespective of concomitant HBV-specific immunoglobulin therapy. Experience using HBsAg positive grafts is, however, very limited. Methods: Here, the analysis of the cellular and humoral HBV-specific immunity of a subject with past HBV infection (anti-HBs and anti-HBc positive) receiving an HBsAg positive liver graft is reported. Results: Nine months post-OLT, the patient experienced a spontaneous anti-HBs re-seroconversion allowing the discontinuation of HBIG. The data show a concurrent increase in the cellular and humoral immunity at times of reduced viral antigenemia, demonstrating effective immune control of HBV post-OLT. Conclusions: These data support the use of marginal organs in this setting, providing a potential strategy to further alleviate organ shortage.
- HBsAg positive marginal graft
- Humoral immunity
- Organ shortage
- Orthotopic liver transplantation
- T cell immunity
ASJC Scopus subject areas