Anti-human leukocyte antibodies (HLA) play a central role in graft survival, particularly in kidney transplantation. The presence of preformed donor specific anti-HLA antibodies is always excluded before transplantation by performing crossmatches using current and historic recipient serum samples. Several recent studies have observed a correlation between HLA antibodies and graft rejection. It has been suggested that these antibodies should be monitored routinely after kidney transplant to predict graft failure.2 Here in report the results of a study of on serum samples from 111 kidney transplant recipients that were monitored for anti-HLA antibodies using flow cytometry. Anti-HLA antibodies were only detected in four pre-immunized patients and showed the same HLA specificity that was present before the transplantation (in two cases against previous graft antigens). Furthermore, only two patients with functioning grafts developed anti-HLA antibodies, at 1 month and 1 year after the transplantation. However, they were not donor specific, but probably related to posttransplant transfusions. In our study, none of the patients who suffered an adverse event during the first year (including two with histologically documented acute rejection) developed anti-HLA antibodies. These results are probably related to the use of mycophenolate mofetil, which may reduce the incidence of HLA antibodies. We cannot exclude the possibility that antibodies produced by some patients may not be detectable because they are attached to the graft.
|Number of pages||2|
|Publication status||Published - 2005|
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