Objectives: Atherosclerotic plaques contain both apoptotic cells and phagocytes. Apoptotic cells are known to exert an anti-inflammatory effect. Little is known on their action in patients with acute coronary syndromes. Methods and results: We challenged mononuclear phagocytes from the peripheral blood of patients with acute coronary syndromes (n = 20) and healthy controls (n = 30) with lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 100 ng/ml) or peptidoglycan (PGN, 20 μg/ml) in the presence or in the absence of apoptotic cells. After 24 h, mononuclear phagocytes from patients with acute coronary syndromes produced more TNFα and IL-10 than controls; moreover, they were significantly more susceptible to the anti-inflammatory action of apoptotic cells. Apoptotic cells were more effective in ACS patients with C-reactive protein levels 3 mg/l. Conclusions: Patients with acute coronary syndromes and low circulating C-reactive protein levels are more sensitive to the anti-inflammatory action of apoptotic cells: this suggests the existence of an enhanced anti-inflammatory feedback circuit, which could contribute to protect from plaque instability.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2009|
- Coronary disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine