In a series of 42 positive sera, anti-mitochondrial type M5 antibodies (AMA-M5) were found most frequently in patients with SLE (24) and SLE-like syndromes (10). Patients with AMA-M5 displayed a higher prevalence of thrombocytopenia, thrombosis, biological false positive seroreactions for syphilis, lupus-like anticoagulant activity and anti-cardiolipin antibodies in comparison with a group of 43 SLE AMA-M5 negative patients. The strong association between anti-phospholipid and AMA-M5 antibodies cannot be explained entirely by cross-reactivity between these two groups of antibodies, as indicated by absorption experiments and studies using affinity purified antibody preparations. However, cardiolipin liposomes were able to reduce partially the titres of AMA-M5 sera, suggesting that a small population of AMA-M5 antibodies exists that cross-reacts with cardiolipin. The existence of this population was further substantiated by our demonstration that an IgM monoclonal antibody, from a patient with Waldenstrom's macroglobulinaemia, displayed both anti-cardiolipin and AMA-M5 activity, and AMA-M5 activity was completely inhibited by cardiolipin.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Clinical and Experimental Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1987|
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