Antibiotic therapy, supportive treatment and management of immunomodulation-inflammation response in community acquired pneumonia: Review of recommendations

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Abstract

Community-acquired pneumonia is a common and serious disease, with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Management and treatment of community-acquired pneumonia are described in three main documents: the 2007 American Thoracic Society guidelines, the 2011 European Respiratory Society guidelines, and the 2009 British Thoracic Society guidelines, updated by the NICE in 2015. Despite the validity of current guidelines in improving prognosis and management of patients with community-acquired pneumonia, not all recommendations have high levels of evidence and there are still some controversial issues. In particular, there are some areas of low evidence such as the efficacy of an antibiotic molecule or scheme in patients with same risk factors; duration of antibiotic treatment, supportive therapy for acute respiratory failure and immunomodulation molecules. This review will summarize the main recommendations with high level of evidence and discuss the recommendations with lower evidence, analyzing the studies published after the guidelines' release.

Original languageEnglish
Article number26
JournalMultidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 5 2017

Keywords

  • Acute respiratory failure
  • Antibiotic therapy
  • Community acquired pneumonia
  • Duration of therapy
  • Inflammatory response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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