Antibodies to recombinant heterogeneous nuclear RNP core protein A1 were detected in sera from 27 of 58 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and from 7 of 31 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, by immunoblotting and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Protein A1 consists of 2 distinct domains: The N-terminal sequence is identical to a single-stranded DNA binding protein termed UP1, and the C-terminal domain shows a partial homology with keratin. All 7 A1-positive systemic lupus erythematosus sera reacted with UP1, whereas 9 of the 27 A1-positive RA sera did not. In RA, anti-A1 activity was significantly associated with antikeratin antibodies (AKA); these antibodies were present in 23 of 27 A1-positive sera and 10 of 31 A1-negative sera (P <0.01). Immunoabsorption with recombinant protein A1 resulted in a significant reduction of AKA titers in 6 of 10 RA sera tested, suggesting that AKA from RA patients may cross-react with the C-terminal portion of the heterogeneous nuclear RNP protein A1.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Arthritis and Rheumatism|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 1990|
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