Anticoagulation Favors Thrombus Recanalization and Survival in Patients With Liver Cirrhosis and Portal Vein Thrombosis: Results of a Meta-Analysis

Le Wang, Xiaozhong Guo, Xiangbo Xu, Valerio De Stefano, Aurelie Plessier, Carlos Noronha Ferreira, Xingshun Qi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Benefit and risk of anticoagulation in cirrhotic patients with portal vein thrombosis (PVT) remain controversial, especially in those with asymptomatic PVT and in non-liver transplant candidates. Furthermore, the predictors of portal vein recanalization and bleeding events after anticoagulation are critical for making clinical decisions, but still unclear. We conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the outcomes of anticoagulation for PVT in liver cirrhosis and explore the predictors of portal vein recanalization and bleeding events after anticoagulation. Methods: All studies regarding anticoagulation for PVT in liver cirrhosis were searched via PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases. Thrombotic outcomes, bleeding events, and survival were compared between anticoagulation and non-anticoagulation groups. Predictors of portal vein recanalization and bleeding events were pooled. Risk ratios (RRs) or mean differences (MDs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. Results: Thirty-three studies including 1696 cirrhotic patients with PVT were included. Anticoagulation significantly increased portal vein recanalization (RR = 2.61; 95% CI 1.99–3.43; P < 0.00001) and overall survival (RR = 1.11; 95% CI 1.03–1.21; P = 0.01) and decreased thrombus progression (RR = 0.26; 95% CI 0.14–0.49; P < 0.0001). Anticoagulation did not significantly influence overall bleeding (RR = 0.78; 95% CI 0.47–1.30; P = 0.34). Early initiation of anticoagulation (RR = 1.58; 95% CI 1.21–2.07; P = 0.0007) significantly increased portal vein recanalization. Child-Pugh class B and C (RR = 0.77; 95% CI 0.62–0.95; P = 0.02) and higher MELD score (MD = − 1.48; 95% CI − 2.20–0.76; P < 0.0001) were significantly associated with decreased portal vein recanalization. No predictor significantly associated with bleeding events was identified. Conclusions: Early initiation of anticoagulation should be supported in liver cirrhosis with PVT. Predictors of portal vein recanalization should be taken into consideration to identify those who may not benefit from anticoagulation. Registration: The work was registered in PROSPERO with registration no. CRD42020157142.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)495-520
Number of pages26
JournalAdvances in Therapy
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Anticoagulants
  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Meta-analysis
  • Survival
  • Venous thrombosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

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