The antigenic profile and the functional properties of human peritoneal macrophages have been analyzed by using a panel of monoclonal antibodies (MoAb) and functional assays. All peritoneal macrophages were stained by the anti-class I HLA MoAb Q6/64. Between 40 and 100% of the cells were stained by the anti-HLA-DR + DP MoAb Q2/80, Q5/6, and Q5/13; approximately 80% of the cells were stained by the anti-HLA-DQ MoAb BT3.4, and about 95% were stained by the anti-macrophage MoAb OKM1. Peritoneal macrophages were not stained by the anti-dendritic cells MoAb Ki-M4 or by MoAb to T cell subsets, although all of the MoAb were reactive with the appropriate substrates. More than 60% of the cells expressed Fc receptors and C3 receptors, and displayed phagocytic activity. Peritoneal macrophages were effective in stimulating autologous and allogeneic lymphocytes and in presenting soluble antigens to T cells. These reactions were blocked by the anti-HLA-DR + DP MoAb Q5/13, but were not affected by the anti-dendritic cells MoAb Ki-M4 or by the anti-class I HLA MoAb Q6/64. These results suggest that human peritoneal macrophage preparations, without detectable contamination with dendritic cells, can induce proliferation of autologous and allogeneic T cells, and that class II HLA antigens play a significant role in these phenomena.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1985|
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