Antihypertensive efficacy and safety of manidipine versus amlodipine in elderly subjects with isolated systolic hypertension: MAISH study

Antonio Coca Payeras, Krzysztof Sladek, Giuseppe Lembo, Marco Alberici

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and objective: Isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) affects 10-20% of the elderly population and is strongly related to the risk of cardiovascular events. Elevated systolic BP values are primarily caused by reduced large vessel compliance with a consequent increase in total peripheral resistance. Vasodilating drugs, such as calcium channel antagonists, have proven to be effective in controlling ISH in elderly patients. This study set out to compare the antihypertensive efficacy and safety of two different calcium channel antagonists, manidipine and amlodipine, administered once daily in elderly subjects with ISH. Methods: In a European, randomised, double-blind, multicentre, parallel-group study, after a 2-week placebo run-in period, 195 patients aged ≥60 years with ISH received manidipine 10-20mg once daily or amlodipine 5-10mg once daily. Chlortalidone 25mg once daily could be added to the high dose of test drug in the event of insufficient antihypertensive control. The primary efficacy parameter was the proportion of patients with a reduction in office sitting systolic BP (SBP) ≥15mm Hg, measured at trough, at the final visit. Secondary efficacy parameters included: the proportion of patients with a normal sitting SBP value (

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)623-632
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Drug Investigation
Volume27
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology

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