The authors previously demonstrated the protective activity of defibrotide (a profibrinolytic and antithrombotic drug) on endothelial cells. In the present work they examine the efficacy of defibrotide in protecting rat kidney from ischaemic/reperfusion injury by studying the modifications of intrarenal adenine nucleotide levels. Right renal ischaemia of 60 min and reperfusion of 30 min were induced in adult male Wistar rats. Defibrotide was administered as a bolus through a catheter inserted into the left femoral vein 5 min before the beginning of ischaemia at the dose of 32 mg/kg and continuously infused during ischaemia/reperfusion through the same vein at the final dose of 32 mg/kg in 5 ml of saline at the fate of 3 ml/h. Rats treated with vehicle of the drug were used as controls. At the end of postischaemic reperfusion, the ischaemic and left kidneys were rapidly removed and frozen in liquid nitrogen. Tissue extracts were prepared, and their ATP, ADP, AMP, cAMP, NAD+, and NADH contents were determined by using luminescence methods. In controls, ATP intrarenal levels were significantly higher in the left kidney than in the ischaemic organ of the same rat (3405 ± 320 vs. 378 ± 36 nmol/g fresh tissue and mean ± s.e.m. of 10 experiments). Defibrotide treatment significantly protected ischaemic kidneys from the drop in ATP intrarenal content (1465 ± 147 vs. 3124 ± 303 nmol/g fresh tissue measured in the left kidney).
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Drugs under Experimental and Clinical Research|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Drug Discovery