Antineoplastic drug-induced bradyarrhythmias

Carla Minoia, Margherita Giannoccaro, Angela Iacobazzi, Daniele Santini, Nicola Silvestris, Agnese Fioretti, Stefano Oliva, Attilio Guarini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cardiac injury is one of the most impairing side effects of anticancer treatment. The extension of the range of available drugs, the use of combination regimens and the association with radiation therapy have improved life expectancy; however, they have also caused a rising typology of cardiac toxicities, including not only congestive heart failure, but also myocardial ischemia, thromboembolism, hypertension and arrhythmias. Areas covered: The aim of this review is to describe the evidence of association between bradyarrhythmias and antineoplastic agents, including chemotherapeutic and molecular-targeted drugs in the adult population, to summarize the possible mechanisms of onset and to make suggestions for clinical management. A Medline search for each anticancer agent and associated cardiotoxic, electrocardiographic and arrhythmic alteration was performed for the years January 1970 - January 2012. A cross-referencing search from identified studies was also carried out. Published reports from clinical trials, non-randomized studies, case reports and recent reviews were considered. Only agents with a specific relation to bradyarrhythmias were included and are discussed. Expert opinion: A greater knowledge of this specific cardiac toxicity may help appropriate risk stratification and correct management during treatment and follow-up. The exchange of information among hematologists, oncologists and cardiologists is essential for this purpose.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)739-751
Number of pages13
JournalExpert Opinion on Drug Safety
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012

Keywords

  • antineoplastic drug
  • arrhythmia
  • atrioventricular block
  • bradyarrhythmia
  • cardiotoxicity
  • chemotherapy
  • management
  • molecular-targeted drug
  • pathogenesis
  • sinus bradycardia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

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