Antioxidant status and APOE genotype as susceptibility factors for neurodegeneration in alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia

Giancarlo Zito, Renato Polimanti, Valentina Panetta, Mariacarla Ventriglia, Carlo Salustri, Maria Cristina Siotto, Filomena Moffa, Claudia Altamura, Fabrizio Vernieri, Domenico Lupoi, Emanuele Cassetta, Paolo M. Rossini, Rosanna Squitti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Different factors interact to develop neurodegeneration in patients with dementia and other neurodegenerative disorders. Oxidative stress and the ε4 allele of apolipoprotein E (ApoE) are associated with significant alteration in lipid metabolism, in turn connected to a variety of neurodegenerative diseases and aging. Thus, a better understanding of the pathogenetic pathways associated with lipid dyshomeostasis may elucidate the causes of neurodegenerative processes. To address this issue, we evaluated the effects of antioxidant status and APOE genotype on neurodegeneration in patients with dementia of the Alzheimer type (AD), with vascular dementia (VaD), and in elderly healthy controls. Eighty-two AD, 42 VaD patients, and 26 healthy controls were recruited and underwent medial temporal lobe atrophy (MTA) assessment, white matter hyperintensities rating (WMH), serum total antioxidant status assaying (TAS), and APOE genotyping. A logistic regression algorithm applied to our data revealed that a 0.01 mmol/L decrease of TAS concentration increased the probability of MTA by 24% (p=0.038) and that carriers of the APOE ε4 allele showed higher WMH scores (p=0.018), confirming that small variations in antioxidant systems homeostasis are associated with relevant modifications of disease risk. Furthermore, in individuals with analogous TAS values, the presence of the ε4 allele increased the predicted probability of having MTA. These outcomes further sustain the interaction of oxidative stress and APOE genotype to neurodegeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-56
Number of pages6
JournalRejuvenation Research
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2013

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Zito, G., Polimanti, R., Panetta, V., Ventriglia, M., Salustri, C., Siotto, M. C., Moffa, F., Altamura, C., Vernieri, F., Lupoi, D., Cassetta, E., Rossini, P. M., & Squitti, R. (2013). Antioxidant status and APOE genotype as susceptibility factors for neurodegeneration in alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia. Rejuvenation Research, 16(1), 51-56. https://doi.org/10.1089/rej.2012.1383