Antioxidant status in the blood of patients with active vitiligo.

M. Picardo, S. Passi, A. Morrone, M. Grandinetti, A. Di Carlo, F. Ippolito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We have previously reported that patients with active vitiligo (AVP) have elevated urinary levels of catecholamine metabolites, such as homovanillic and vanilmandelic acids, irrespective of the form of the disease (acrofacial, segmental, generalized). We have suggested that abnormal release of catecholamines from autonomic nerve endings might play an etiological role in the onset and development of vitiligo through an overproduction of toxic (oxy)radicals in the microenvironment of melanocytes in the affected areas. In the present study we have investigated whether this suggested increase in radicals might be associated with an oxidative stress in the blood of AVP. We have analyzed by gas-chromatography mass-spectrometry, by high pressure liquid chromatography, by spectrophotometry plasma levels of vitamin E (Vit E), lipoperoxides (LIP), and polyunsaturated fatty acids of phospholipids (PL-FA), erythrocyte reduced glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities in 62 patients affected with different forms of active vitiligo (acrofacial, segmental, generalized) and in 60 age-matched controls. Our results show that blood levels of Vit E, SOD, GSH, GSH-Px activity, LIP and PL-FA in AVP were not significantly different from those of healthy age matched controls, indicating that melanocyte damage in vitiligo is not linked with a generalized oxidative stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-115
Number of pages6
JournalPigment Cell Research
Volume7
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Developmental Biology

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