Objectives: The aim of the present study was to define the feasibility and clinical impact of complying with national consensus recommendations on perioperative management of antiplatelet therapy in patients with coronary stents undergoing cardiac and noncardiac surgery. Background: There are limited evidence-based recommendations on the perioperative management of antiplatelet therapy in stented patients undergoing surgery. Methods: The recommendations provided by the national consensus document were applied in a multicenter, prospective registry of consecutive patients with prior coronary stenting undergoing any type of surgery at 19 hospitals in Italy. The primary end-point was in-hospital net adverse clinical events (NACE) represented by the composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, probable/definite stent thrombosis and Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) grade ≥3 bleeding. Patients were followed for 30 days. Results: A total of 1,082 patients were enrolled. Adherence to consensus recommendations occurred in 85% of the cases. Perioperative aspirin and dual antiplatelet therapy were maintained in 69.7 and 10.5% of the cases, respectively. In-hospital NACE rate was 12.7%, being significantly higher in patients undergoing cardiac surgery (36.3% vs. 7.3%, P<0.01), mainly due to BARC 3 bleeding events (32.3%). At 30 days, MACE rates were similar (3.5% vs. 3.5%, P=NS) in patients undergoing cardiac and noncardiac surgery, whereas BARC ≥3 bleeding events were significantly higher with cardiac surgery (36.3% vs. 5.6%, P<0.01). Conclusions: The results of this registry demonstrate the safety and feasibility of applying a national consensus document on the perioperative management of antiplatelet therapy in stented patients undergoing surgery.
- Antiplatelet therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine