Antiproliferative and synergistic effect of interferon alpha-2a, retinoids and their association in established human cancer cell lines

Salvatore Toma, Stefano Monteghirfo, Paola Tasso, Guido Nicolò, Nicoletta Spadini, Raffaella Palumbo, Francesco Molina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The effect of 13-cis-retinoic acid (cRA) and all-trans-retinoic acid (tRA) used alone or in combination with interferon alpha-2a (α-IFN 2a) was tested on three established human cell lines: KB (epidermoid carcinoma of the oral cavity), SCC-25 (tongue squamous cell carcinoma) and MCF-7 (mammary carcinoma). Both retinoids significantly decreased cell proliferation (growth curves) and colony forming efficiency (CFE) in all cell lines, in a dose-dependent way (at a concentration ranging from 10-5 to 10-9 M) and differing from line to line, following the pattern: MCF-7 > SCC-25 > KB. Retinoids at any concentration (already at 10-7 M) combined with α-IFN 2a (ranging from 100 to 500 IU/ml) were more effective in inhibiting cell proliferation than each of the two compounds alone. This was particularly evident with SCC-25 cells. Concerning MCF-7 cells, on the contrary, the effects produced by the association suggested a possible additive more than synergistic amplification of growth inhibition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-216
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Letters
Volume82
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 29 1994

Keywords

  • Alpha-interferon 2a
  • Retinoids
  • Synergistic effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Molecular Biology
  • Oncology

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