To gain some insight into the role of c-fes in macrophage differentiation, we have analyzed the ability of HL60 leukemic promyelocytic cells and FDC-P1/MAC-11 murine myeloid precursor cells to differentiate in response to phorbol esters after inhibition of c-fes function. Fes inactivation has been obtained by using oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) complementary to the 5' region of c-fes mRNA and to 5' splice junctions of c- fes primary transcript. After 5 days (d) in culture, in several separate experiments performed with different ODN preparations, a complete inhibition of c-fes expression was observed in HL60 and in FDC-P1/MAC-11 cells. No perturbation of cell growth was evident in our experimental conditions in both cell lines after c-fes inhibition. Furthermore, in HL60 cells lacking c- fes product, an almost complete downregulation of the α4β1 fibronectin receptor occurred. However, in both cell lines, the induction of macrophage differentiation by phorbol esters resulted in an almost complete maturation arrest as evaluated by morphological, cytochemical, immunological criteria, and by the cytofluorimetric cell cycle analysis. A loss of the adhesion capacity of both myeloid cell lines, when compared to terminally differentiated macrophages, was also observed. These results suggest that HL60 and FDC-P1/MAC-11 cells, when treated with phorbol 12-myristate 13- acetate, require c-fes protein expression to activate the genetic program underlying macrophage differentiation.
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1997|
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