We have previously shown that prostaglandins of the A series potently inhibit virus replication in several virus-host systems in vitro. In the present report we have studied the effect of a long-acting synthetic analog of PGA, 16,16-dimethyl-PGA2 (Di-M-PGA2), on virus infection in vivo, using as a model Balb/c mice infected with influenza A (PR8) virus. Depending upon the dose of viral inoculum, PR8 virus caused the death of 50 to 100% of the animals in a period of 8-20 days. Di-M-PGA2-treatment significantly increased mouse survival by an average of 40%, independently of the dose of inoculum and the age of the animals. The fact that Di-M-PGA2-treatment decreased virus titers in the lungs and did not alter the host immune response, suggested that PGA's therapeutic action was due to suppression of virus replication. Finally, two anti-inflammatory compounds, which inhibit prostaglandin synthesis, aspirin and indomethacin, were shown not to significantly alter mouse survival in this system.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology