Anxiety, depression, hunger and body composition: III. Their relationships in obese patients

P. Cugini, M. Cilli, A. Salandri, P. Ceccotti, A. Di Marzo, A. Rodio, S. Fontana, A. M. Pellegrino, G. P. De Francesco, S. Coda, F. De Vito, L. Colosi, C. M. Petrangeli, C. Giovannini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The present paper explores the relationships between anxiety, depression, hunger sensation and body composition in obese patients (OP). The aim is to detect whether or not there are abnormalities in these relationships in OP as compared to clinically healthy subjects (CHS). The study was performed on 22 CHS (2 M, 20 W; mean age=24±2 years; mean body mass index=21±2 kg/m2) and 48 OP (4 M, 44 W; mean age=40 ± 17 years; mean body mass index=32±7 kg/m2). Anxiety and depression were found to be correlated, negatively, with the relative lean body mass, and, positively, with the fat body mass in OP but not in CHS. These findings corroborate the idea that anxiety and depression can reach an abnormal expression when obesity shows its worst loss in lean body mass and its highest expansion in adipocyte mass. As hunger sensation was found not to correlate with either anxiety or depression in OP, the opinion is expressed that the impairment of anxio-depressive integrity is a corollary of obesity rather than a primary affective disorder leading to obesity via an enhanced food intake.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-120
Number of pages6
JournalEating and Weight Disorders
Volume4
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1999

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Bioelectrical impedance analysis
  • Biological rhythms
  • Body composition
  • Chronobiology
  • Depression
  • Eating disorders
  • Hunger
  • Obesity
  • Orcadian rhythms
  • Satiety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

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